Diaspora,( Greek: Dispersion)Hebrew Galut (Exile), the dispersion of Jews among the Gentiles after the Babylonian Exile; or the aggregate of Jews or Jewish communities scattered in exile outside Palestine or present-day Israel. Although the term refers to the physical dispersal of Jews throughout the world, it also carries religious, philosophical, political, and eschatological connotations, inasmuch as the Jews perceive a special relationship between the land of Israel and themselves. Interpretations of this relationship range from the messianic hope of traditional Judaism for the eventual ingathering of the exiles to the view of Reform Judaism that the dispersal of the Jews was providentially arranged by God to foster pure monotheism throughout the world.

The first significant Jewish Diaspora was the result of the Babylonian Exile of 586 bc. After the Babylonians conquered the Kingdom of Judah, part of the Jewish population was deported into slavery. Although Cyrus the Great, the Persian conqueror of Babylonia, permitted the Jews to return to their homeland in 538 bc, part of the Jewish community voluntarily remained behind.

The largest, most significant, and culturally most creative Jewish Diaspora in early Jewish history flourished in Alexandria, where, in the 1st century bc, 40 percent of the population was Jewish. Around the 1st century ad, an estimated 5,000,000 Jews lived outside Palestine, about four-fifths of them within the Roman Empire, but they looked to Palestine as the centre of their religious and cultural life. Diaspora Jews thus far outnumbered the Jews in Palestine even before the destruction of Jerusalem in ad 70. Thereafter, the chief centres of Judaism shifted from country to country (e.g., Babylonia, Persia, Spain, France, Germany, Poland, Russia, and the United States), and Jewish communities gradually adopted distinctive languages, rituals, and cultures, some submerging themselves in non-Jewish environments more completely than others. While some lived in peace, others became victims of violent anti-Semitism.

Jews hold widely divergent views about the role of Diaspora Jewry and the desirability and significance of maintaining a national identity. While the vast majority of Orthodox Jews support the Zionist movement (the return of Jews to Israel), some Orthodox Jews go so far as to oppose the modern nation of Israel as a godless and secular state, defying Gods will to send his Messiah at the time he has preordained.

According to the theory of shelilat ha-galut (denial of the exile), espoused by many Israelis, Jewish life and culture are doomed in the Diaspora because of assimilation and acculturation, and only those Jews who migrate to Israel have hope for continued existence as Jews. It should be noted that neither this position nor any other favourable to Israel holds that Israel is the fulfillment of the biblical prophecy regarding the coming of the messianic era.

Although Reform Jews still commonly maintain that the Diaspora in the United States and elsewhere is a valid expression of Gods will, the Central Conference of American Rabbis in 1937 officially abrogated the Pittsburgh Platform of 1885, which declared that Jews should no longer look forward to a return to Israel. This new policy actively encouraged Jews to support the establishment of a Jewish homeland. On the other hand, the American Council for Judaism, founded in 1943 but now moribund, declared that Jews are Jews in a religious sense only and any support given to a Jewish homeland in Palestine would be an act of disloyalty to their countries of residence.

Support for a national Jewish state was notably greater after the wholesale annihilation of Jews during World War II. Of the estimated 14 million Jews in the world today, about 4 million reside in Israel, about 4.5 million in the United States, and about 2.2 million in Russia, Ukraine, and other republics formerly of the Soviet Union.

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Diaspora | Judaism | Encyclopedia Britannica

Written on May 12th, 2015 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , , , , , , , ,

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The Jewish Diaspora – My Jewish Learning

Written on March 28th, 2015 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


BA DIASPHORA CONGOLAISE BOKEBA .LA RESISTENCE LA RESISTENCE RDC. By: patrice vangu

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BA DIASPHORA CONGOLAISE BOKEBA .LA RESISTENCE – Video

Written on November 15th, 2013 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , ,


16-06-2012 17:09 FinshingTouch to my Punjabi Book:Gospel is Preached from your own heart and not from the Dead Books.

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FinshingTouch to my Punjabi Book:Gospel is Preached from your own heart and not from the Dead Books. – Video



04-06-2012 15:57 Gospel Through Christ In Heart and not from the dead Books that make you Super Donkey. I have discussed that Disciples are blind followers of the Rabbis and they are natural once-born people

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Gospel Through Christ In Heart and not from the dead Books that make you Super Donkey. – Video



31-03-2012 17:08 CHAPTER ELEVEN FOUR AGES BookRev-12:-Four Ages or Yugs are based upon the Four virtues or qualities of people – 1. The concept of four Ages, called YUGS in Panjabi, is not so well-known in the West as it is in the East. Ages are based upon the religious qualities of majority of people and the study of Ages forms a good basis for under taking religious studies

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BookRev-12:-Four Ages or Yugs are based upon the Four virtues or qualities of people – 1. – Video



29-03-2012 19:24 BookRev-11:- Marriage and Divorce Parable. One who follows others divorces his own man and the one who accepts the followers become Adulturer.

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BookRev-11:- Marriage and Divorce Parable. One who follows others divorces his own man-3. – Video

Written on March 30th, 2012 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , , , , , , , , ,


29-03-2012 18:53 BookRev-11:- Marriage and Divorce – Soul is male and Flesh is female on joining become one person – 2. Thus, some Pharisees (teachers of the moral laws, who were well drunk with the “old wine of the letters”) came to test Jesus

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BookRev-11:- Marriage and Divorce – Soul is male and Flesh is female on joining become one – 2. – Video



26-03-2012 18:41 1.

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BookRev-10: The Samaritan Woman at Well – John4 – Most Pious Woman St.Photina-2. – Video



26-03-2012 18:05 BookRev-10: The Samaritan Woman at Well – John4 – Most Pious Woman St.Photina-1.

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BookRev-10: The Samaritan Woman at Well – John4 – Most Pious Woman St.Photina-1. – Video