Diaspora,( Greek: Dispersion)Hebrew Galut (Exile), the dispersion of Jews among the Gentiles after the Babylonian Exile; or the aggregate of Jews or Jewish communities scattered in exile outside Palestine or present-day Israel. Although the term refers to the physical dispersal of Jews throughout the world, it also carries religious, philosophical, political, and eschatological connotations, inasmuch as the Jews perceive a special relationship between the land of Israel and themselves. Interpretations of this relationship range from the messianic hope of traditional Judaism for the eventual ingathering of the exiles to the view of Reform Judaism that the dispersal of the Jews was providentially arranged by God to foster pure monotheism throughout the world.

The first significant Jewish Diaspora was the result of the Babylonian Exile of 586 bc. After the Babylonians conquered the Kingdom of Judah, part of the Jewish population was deported into slavery. Although Cyrus the Great, the Persian conqueror of Babylonia, permitted the Jews to return to their homeland in 538 bc, part of the Jewish community voluntarily remained behind.

The largest, most significant, and culturally most creative Jewish Diaspora in early Jewish history flourished in Alexandria, where, in the 1st century bc, 40 percent of the population was Jewish. Around the 1st century ad, an estimated 5,000,000 Jews lived outside Palestine, about four-fifths of them within the Roman Empire, but they looked to Palestine as the centre of their religious and cultural life. Diaspora Jews thus far outnumbered the Jews in Palestine even before the destruction of Jerusalem in ad 70. Thereafter, the chief centres of Judaism shifted from country to country (e.g., Babylonia, Persia, Spain, France, Germany, Poland, Russia, and the United States), and Jewish communities gradually adopted distinctive languages, rituals, and cultures, some submerging themselves in non-Jewish environments more completely than others. While some lived in peace, others became victims of violent anti-Semitism.

Jews hold widely divergent views about the role of Diaspora Jewry and the desirability and significance of maintaining a national identity. While the vast majority of Orthodox Jews support the Zionist movement (the return of Jews to Israel), some Orthodox Jews go so far as to oppose the modern nation of Israel as a godless and secular state, defying Gods will to send his Messiah at the time he has preordained.

According to the theory of shelilat ha-galut (denial of the exile), espoused by many Israelis, Jewish life and culture are doomed in the Diaspora because of assimilation and acculturation, and only those Jews who migrate to Israel have hope for continued existence as Jews. It should be noted that neither this position nor any other favourable to Israel holds that Israel is the fulfillment of the biblical prophecy regarding the coming of the messianic era.

Although Reform Jews still commonly maintain that the Diaspora in the United States and elsewhere is a valid expression of Gods will, the Central Conference of American Rabbis in 1937 officially abrogated the Pittsburgh Platform of 1885, which declared that Jews should no longer look forward to a return to Israel. This new policy actively encouraged Jews to support the establishment of a Jewish homeland. On the other hand, the American Council for Judaism, founded in 1943 but now moribund, declared that Jews are Jews in a religious sense only and any support given to a Jewish homeland in Palestine would be an act of disloyalty to their countries of residence.

Support for a national Jewish state was notably greater after the wholesale annihilation of Jews during World War II. Of the estimated 14 million Jews in the world today, about 4 million reside in Israel, about 4.5 million in the United States, and about 2.2 million in Russia, Ukraine, and other republics formerly of the Soviet Union.

See original here:
Diaspora | Judaism | Encyclopedia Britannica

Written on May 12th, 2015 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Full Definition of DIASPORA 1 capitalized a : the settling of scattered colonies of Jews outside Palestine after the Babylonian exile b : the area outside Palestine …

Read more:

Diaspora | Definition of diaspora by Merriam-Webster

Claudia Kahindi 18 and Olayinka Lawal 15 have received a $10,000 Davis Projects for Peace grant to launch KIU, an English education project, in Kahindis home area of coastal Kenya this summer. Named for the Swahili word for thirst, KIU will serve more than 100 fourth-grade students at Kahindis alma mater, Kilimo Public Primary School, [] Continue Reading

Read the original post:

DIASPORA NEWS : Diaspora Messenger News Media

The Jewish diaspora (Hebrew: Tfoot’za, ) or Exile (Hebrew: Galut, ; Yiddish: Golus) refers to the Israelites who were exiled from the Kingdom of Israel and the later exile of the Jews from the Kingdom of Judah.

Read more here:

Jewish diaspora – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Written on May 9th, 2015 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , , , , , , , ,

In the rest of the diaspora, persecution gave the Jews no respite, but in Babylonia, under Persian rule, they lived for some centuries comparatively free from molestation. Simon Dubnow and J. Friedlander, Jewish History (1903) [I]t becamemisleading to see the American Jewish community as part of the diaspora at all

Read this article:

Diaspora | Define Diaspora at Dictionary.com

Instead of everyones data being contained on huge central servers owned by a large organization, local servers (pods) can be set up anywhere in the world. You choose which pod to register with – perhaps your local pod – and seamlessly connect with the diaspora* community worldwide

Read more:

The diaspora* Project

Open Source Our software is completely free, so grab the code and host it wherever you want! Diaspora is a community effort – contribute on Github Meet people from all over the world who love the Internet and want to see it free as much as you do.

Read more:


The term diaspora (in Ancient Greek, “a scattering or sowing of seeds”) refers to any people or ethnic population forced or induced to leave its traditional homeland, as well as the dispersal of such people and the ensuing developments in their culture. It is especially used to with reference to the Jews, who have lived most of their historical existence as a diasporan people. The Jewish diaspora began with the conquests of the eighth to the sixth century B.C.E., when the Israelites were forcibly exiled first from the northern kingdom of Israel to Assyria and then from the southern kingdom of Judah to Babylon

Read more here:

Diaspora – New World Encyclopedia

Written on May 6th, 2015 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Full Definition of DIASPORA 1 capitalized a : the settling of scattered colonies of Jews outside Palestine after the Babylonian exile b : the area outside Palestine …

See the article here:

Diaspora – Definition and More from the Free Merriam …

Written on April 12th, 2015 & filed under Diasphora Tags: , , , , , , , ,

A diaspora (from Greek , “scattering, dispersion”)[1] is a scattered population with a common origin in a smaller geographic area.

Read more from the original source:

Diaspora – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia